RINEX data

With reference data from the Swepos stations, you can process your GNSS observations with your own software.

What is Rinex data?

You download rinex data yourself, in hourly or daily files, for post-processing with your own software.

A RINEX file contains observations of the code and carrier of the GNSS signals, from a Swepos station. Each data file contains either one-hour observations or one-day observations. Metadata at the beginning of the RINEX file contains e.g. information about marker ID, GNSS antenna / receiver, approximate coordinates and measurement time.

RINEX data is included in the Post-processing subscription.

RINEX daily files are available free of charge. Read more about RINEX data - daily files .
Rinex data is also freely available for research and teaching; special conditions apply. Contact Swepos Control Centre for more information.

How do I get data?

 Screenshot from the Explorer view showing how to use the Explorer for ftp upload.

If you have a Post-processing subscription, you have access to Swepos' FTP server:

When you log in, enter your username and your password.

Only passive FTP is supported.

If you have a Windows computer, you can, for example, use Windows Explorer for FTP transfer. Another FTP client of your choice also works fine. However, FTP transfer directly in the web browser is not recommended. To use SFTP connection, choose an FTP client that supports SFTP.

FTP server content and structure

This is the file and directory structure of the FTP server:

FTP server file and directory structure
Data type Directory
Ephemeris bandata/
Daily files, RINEX 2 rinex2/se_swepos_daily/yyyy/ddd/
Hourly filer, RINEX 2 rinex2/se_swepos_hourly/yyyy/ddd/
Daily files, RINEX 3 rinex3/se_swepos_daily/yyyy/ddd/
Hourly filer, RINEX 3 rinex3/se_swepos_hourly/yyyy/ddd/

RINEX 3 files

The logging intervals are, for

  • hourly files 1 second
  • daily files 30 seconds.
File names for data in RINEX 3 format consist of a given set of parameters,

nnnnxxccc_s_yyyydddhhmm_ppp_iii_tt.fff .gz

where the various parameters are described in the table below.

The different parts of the filenames for RINEX 3 files
File name parameter, RINEX 3 format Description

Station ID, where

  • nnnn is station name; translation to station name is in the coordinate list (see below)
  • xx is monument- or marking number and receiver number
  • ccc is the country code.

Data source, where

  • R means that data comes directly from a GNSS receiver
  • S means that data is saved with standalone programs from streamed data.
yyyydddhhmm File start time (year, day of year, hour, minute)
ppp File length
iii Logging interval

Data type, where

  • GO = GPS observations
  • RO = GLONASS observations
  • EO = Galileo observations
  • JO = QZSS observations
  • CO = BDS observations
  • IO = IRNSS observations
  • SO = SBAS observations
  • MO = Observations of all GNSS systems
  • GN = GPS navigation messages
  • RN = GLONASS navigation messages
  • EN = Galileo navigation messages
  • JN = QZSS navigation messages
  • CN = BDS navigation messages
  • IN = IRNSS navigation messages
  • SN = SBAS nvigation messages
  • MN = navigation messages for all GNSS systems
  • MM = meteorological observations

File type, where

  • rnx is observation file
  • crx is Hatanaka compressed observation file. 

Read more about RINEX 3 at IGS website (new window).

RINEX 2 files

RINEX 2 is an older version of the RINEX standard, which does not support all GNSS signals currently available. Swepos continues to provide data in the RINEX 2 format, besides the RINEX 3 format, but in a longer perspective RINEX 2 will be phased out.

The logging intervals are, for

  • hourly files 1 second
  • daily files 15 seconds.

Compared to the RINEX 3 files, the RINEX 2 files have shorter names,


where the various parameters are described in the table below.

The different parts of the file names for RINEX 2 files
File name parameter, RINEX 2 format Description
nnnn Station designation. Translation to station name can be found in the coordinate list (see below).
ddd Day of the year

Code for file length and start time, where

  • 0 is a full day
  • a-x denotes the 24 hours of the day.
yy Year

File type, where

  • o = observation file
  • d = Hatanaka compressed observation file
  • n = navigation file GPS
  • g = navigation file Glonass
  • s = quality information for the observation file.

Information about the Swepos stations

When processing with your own software, you need information about the antenna type and antenna height for the Swepos stations.

In addition, accurate coordinates are needed for the stations. You can retrieve the coordinate list for a specific date via Download coordinate list in th e-service portal (new window).

Station information

Information about antenna type and eccentricities for the Swepos stations can be found in the e-service portal, Download coordinate list.

Some stations have several receivers, why we have chosen to only report antenna type and not receiver type in the station information file. Receiver type appears in the RINEX files. Antenna type, coordinates and eccentricities are also present in the RINEX files, but the information is more reliable in the station information file.

The station information file uses marker names for the marker, as for some stations there is or has been more than one marker. Translation between marker names, file name designation and station name can be found in the coordinate list.

The antennas of Swepos stations have a protective hood, so-called radome, which is referred to as "OSOD" or "OSOP" in the RINEX files. If your post-processing program does not recognize the radome designation, you can use "NONE" instead, as the influence of the OSOD and OSOP radomes is small.


You can retrieve the coordinate list for a specific date via the e-service Download coordinate list, and save as Excel or pdf file.

The coordinates are calculated with absolute antenna models. The station coordinates are controlled continuously and, if necessary, updates are made, e.g. when replacing the antenna. When a station is new, or after an antenna change, preliminary coordinates are first calculated based on five 24-hour measurements.

Twice a year, updates are made to these so-called final coordinates. These are based on three weeks of data during spring or autumn. The time is chosen to minimize the effect of any seasonal variations and to avoid periods of snow on the antennas. Normally, the difference between preliminary and final coordinates is within 5 mm. Exceptions are if the preliminary coordinates are determined during a period of snow or if the station is not completely stable.

If you measured for a longer period, you are asked to take out a coordinate list at the beginning and end of the period. If the coordinates of a desired station differ between the beginning and the end of the period, it may be due to e.g. an antenna replacement.

Contents of this page may be automatically translated, we take no responsibility for the accuracy of the translation. Feel free to contact our customer support centre if you have any questions.

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