Real property is ground; this is divided into properties. This means that a real property is primarily one or more demarcated areas on the land. Nowadays, a real property can be three-dimensional and contain, for example, a condominium or an underground garage.
All land in Sweden is divided into properties and each has a specific designation within the municipality - name and number - for example, Berga 1:8 in Lyckeby municipality. A real property is demarcated by property boundaries that are marked on the ground and depicted in a map. The real property includes buildings, power lines, fencing and other facilities placed in or above the ground for permanent use. These are real property accessories in a legal sense.
The number of properties is currently increasing by about 20,000 per year. To establish a new real property, certain rules must be satisfied. These are found in the Real Property Formation Act.
Through a cadastral procedure, real property division can be changed. It may involve the new formation or modification of properties and rights - sometimes to clarify where property boundaries lie. If the owners of several properties need to work together regarding a common need, this can also be solved through a cadastral procedure.
Lantmäteriet's real property register contains 3.2 million objects and consists of information about Sweden’s properties, for example, tax assessment values and title deeds. This information is fundamental for society and the market economy.